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Individual in handcuffs against a dim, prison-like backdrop.

Misdemeanors are less severe criminal offenses than felonies, typically punishable by fines, probation, community service, or imprisonment for less than one year. They include minor crimes such as petty theft, vandalism, and disorderly conduct.

Types of Charges: Common misdemeanor charges include simple assault, public intoxication, shoplifting, trespassing, and certain traffic violations like DUI (driving under the influence).

Penalties: Penalties for misdemeanors can involve short-term jail sentences, fines, probation, community service, and mandatory education or treatment programs. The exact penalty depends on the specific crime and the offender’s criminal history.

Defenses: Defenses against misdemeanor charges may include proving the act was accidental, demonstrating self-defense, presenting an alibi, or negotiating plea deals to reduce the charges or penalties.

Collateral Consequences: Misdemeanor convictions can lead to collateral consequences such as difficulty obtaining employment, damage to reputation, higher insurance rates, and potential restrictions on professional licenses. These impacts, while often less severe than those for felonies, can still significantly affect an individual’s life.

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